The world reacts to the emergence of AUKUS
The new defense alliance between Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom (AUKUS) is generating excitement around the world. And not just with regard to the potentially important contract for French-made submarines for the Royal Australian Navy. AUKUS has become an important point of reference for a number of countries in the Indo-Pacific or, if you prefer, Asia-Pacific. Currently, Malaysia and Indonesia have expressed a high degree of skepticism towards this defense system. They confirm their fear that, in their opinion, this could lead to a nuclear arms race and affect the regional security architecture. The Indonesian side urged Australia to abide by its non-proliferation obligations (the Non-Proliferation Treaty) and all provisions of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Concerns have been expressed on the acquisition by the Australian armed forces of nuclear-powered submarines to replace conventional French submarines. ships driven. In this context, it should be noted that the positions of Malaysia and Indonesia were very well received by the Chinese and Russian media.
Naturally, the authorities of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) have expressed their concern and even condemnation of the decision to create AUKUS. A country famous for its secret weapons projects, including the disguised development of nuclear capabilities, is now concerned about starting a nuclear arms race in the region. According to authorities in Pyongyang, the strategic balance could be upset and the consequences for the entire Asia-Pacific region could falter. Thus, the North Korean authorities consider the creation of AUKUS extremely dangerous and undesirable. Of course, the Chinese side is disgusted with the rise of AUKUS. The nuclear-powered submarine technologies to be used by the Australian fleet could be a significant operational and even strategic challenge for the Chinese People’s Liberation Army. Chinese media, as noted above, places a heavy emphasis on Indonesia and Malaysia’s votes, but also writes about Australia’s disastrous action to break the French bid for the submarines with conventional propulsion. There are also allegations that Joe Biden and the United States are trying to save their image after largely leaving Afghanistan.
Of course Australia is trying to allay the concerns of other countries. Prime Minister Scott Morrison was due to have phone calls, among others, with Malaysian Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yakubu. As noted by the South China Morning Post, Singapore authorities have adopted a more neutral tone towards the creation of AUKUS. They limited themselves to highly diplomatic statements that they hope that the agreement between the three countries (Australia, Britain and the United States) will constructively contribute to strengthening peace and stability in the region and harmonize with the regional security architecture. The Philippines, whose position was to be presented by the local Foreign Office, were more sympathetic. The government of this country considers that Australia has the right to purchase nuclear powered submarines. The Philippines have confirmed their intention to continue strengthening their defense capabilities. This can be seen as an interesting combination of the approval of AUKUS, but also a signal to its members regarding cooperation with the Filipino side in the modernization of local military resources. Recently, Washington hosted the Philippine Secretary (s) of Defense and stressed the need for a broader US engagement to strengthen the Philippine armed forces.
Contrary to appearances, New Zealand found itself in a very complex strategic situation. The local authorities, led by Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, of course emphasize strong relations with all members of the American University of Kosovo, but on the other hand, they send signals between the lines of a slight bitterness on the issue of informing the New Zealand side on the formation of this regional security structure. Plus, New Zealand wasn’t even invited Formalism, to AUKUS and how the local authorities were supposed to say it, was not expected. It should be remembered that in recent years, New Zealand has been recognized as the most “pro-Chinese” component of the SIGINT alliance known as the “Five Eyes Alliance” FVEY. By dissociating oneself, for example, from ideas of its deepening and, in fact, from the deformation of its resources, first of all, to carry out activities in the Chinese sense. However, the current polarization of relations in the Indo-Pacific region poses diplomatic, political and economic challenges for the country’s leadership. Additionally, it should be noted that, for example, in Australian media this summer there was talk of whether the New Zealand ally was becoming “Shi Land” by chance, referring to New Zealand’s strong ties. with China.
A strong dose of neutrality or even positive notes towards AUKUS can be read in the notes of Indian analysts. For India, the creation of AUKUS must above all be a signal that the United States and the United Kingdom approach with realism, and not only in terms of guarantees, the priority of dealing with the region. Likewise, when it comes to increasing the potential of the Australian side. This, of course, means the question of restricting China’s aspirations to its growing aspirations and building a suitable military base for it. It is also intended to be a good indication of the ability of the United States to cooperate among allies and partners, on the basis of multilateral agreements. Thus, India can gain assurance that Washington sees the Indo-Pacific region from a development perspective not only of AUKUS, but also of the QUAD initiative.